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I went back to the 4th floor ward where I was being kept against my will, not by force, but by signatures on a piece of paper. Two doctors had signed me in and Justice Hurley deferred judgment on the lawfulness of that detainment to the Board of Appeals.

This body would only be able to look at the continuing aspect of my detainment or treatment, not the lawfulness of the detention itself. That power would require the attention of a Supreme Court Justice. As of now, the Court of Appeals has allowed the Appeal of Justice Hurley’s ruling and a new date has been set to examine the issue. Initially the earliest date that was possible was September 21st, but after exerting some pressure the matter has been set for July 7th, 2017.

This is over two years after the initial detainment. Two years of having to deal with police and lawyers and CYFS prying into my life and demolishing my family unit. They say I’m ‘at liberty’, but I say I’m still detained and limited by their actions.

Thanks to the age of computers, a record of an involuntary psychiatric detainment shows up on my personal health files. Police records have been created, indicating I was detained for having a mental disorder. Anytime I interact with a doctor in the province, I have to fully explain the detainment and provide documentation to regain any sort of credibility. Police don’t care for documentation though, having already made up their mind and classified me as a dangerous radical.

While I continue this narrative, I’d like to discuss some of the long term consequences.

Prior to my detainment, I was starting a business and engaged in research in a field I considered of utmost importance to the public. I’d invested a significant amount of time, energy and money trying to champion the results of my research and its potential. I’ll try to summarize it.

I had discovered a non-toxic therapeutic protocol based on organic compounds available in seaweeds and hyperbaric therapy that targeted cellular metabolic disorders, including cellular senescence and cancer.

I had devised an organic strategy for combating climate change on a global scale through adaptation of agriculture and forestry practices. This research targeted controlled production of insects, mimicking certain natural roles they play in the environment. This allows the hardening of plants against infestation without harmful pesticides and triggers an immune response that promotes larger crop yields and increased growth rates. There are also additional uses in biodegradable plastics, medicine and a host of other fields. Newfoundland and Labrador stands uniquely poised to benefit from this advancement.

Since my detainment, work on both these areas has halted. In my view, this goes against the public interest. In fact, given that the protocol I’d developed would have saved lives in the last two years, the outright attack on my credibility which halted the progression of the research can be seen as an attack on the health and well being of everyone.

Beyond the attack on my credibility that came from the detainment there were much more direct and specific threats that came in the aftermath.

Because I’d spoken out against the Gaza massacre of 2014, my family was subjected to racist death threats online. A ardent supporter of Israel who lived in Grand Falls-Windsor began to stalk me online, threatening to murder my family and burn down my home.

This matter was reported to the RNC, but they refused to act on the information. This would eventually result in us leaving the province, although only after getting permission from the courts who were still pursuing me.

When my son was born in Cape Breton in July of 2015, CYFS showed up with armed police at the hospital to accuse me of being a criminal-terrorist-mental patient-drug addict that was trying to flee the law. This in spite of the fact that I had gone through the process of informing the court of my plans to take my family to Cape Breton for his birth.

CYFS would continue to follow us until January of 2016. The file was closed with the admonishment that I should avoid speaking out on social media to avoid suffering the consequences.

We moved in July of 2016 back to the West Coast of NL. Shortly after returning, I ended up back on CYFS’ radar for speaking out about the Don Dunphy killing and my detainment on Facebook when former Justice Riche made public his concerns in September. Within days, CYFS intervened to separate my family, creating an enforced disappearance situation where his mother was told not to contact anyone in the family or let them know where she and my son were now located.

I had no clue what was going on. I got a family lawyer, filed charges of abduction, then brought the matter to family court.

The justice ordered my son back to the province, but due to the statements made against me by CYFS officials, decided to remove him from the care of both parents.

Right now this is the battle I’m fighting. As much as I’d like to return to working on publicizing and disseminating the medical advances or means for addressing global warming, I’m still dealing with the consequence of the detainment.

Day 5 was otherwise fairly uneventful. I chatted with some of the other patients, had a meeting with my family doctor who assured me he’d sort out the medical marijuana prescription problems (he never would) and waited.

There is a lot of background information that is needed to fully understand what happened the day I was pulled into detainment by the RNC. A lot of the information is available online, but I’ll try to quickly summarize it for those who haven’t been following along very closely.

My name is Andrew Abbass. I’m a Canadian. I was born and raised in Happy Valley-Goose Bay in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. My parents were teachers on Wing 5, the American-turned-Canadian military base in Labrador. I was born at the Grenfell Hospital on the base. I went to Mother Goose nursery, then St. Michael’s, a grade school under the RC Board across the street where my parents taught. I went to high school at Goose High. All of these buildings were located within a kilometer from each other. They’ve all been torn down. None of them exist at all anymore.

What does still exist are all the connections I’ve made with the family, friends, classmates, teachers, professors, doctors, nurses, optometrists, recycling depot operators, pharmacists, computer technicians, car wash operators, tree planters and community radio aficionados I’ve met during my time walking around on this blue marble floating in space.

These people have watched me grow and develop through school and go off to university. They watched me perform ‘The Cremation of Sam Mcgee’ in a junior high poetry slam while sweating to death inside a full set of winter gear. They’ve seen me sorting their recyclables with a smile, simply enjoying the feeling of turning one man’s trash into another’s treasure. They’ve watched me work like a dog dragging trays of trees off the beaten path of Pynn’s Brook into the woods so others could earn their daily bread one year, then join them in planting trees the next.

Just because my family name is ‘Abbass’ doesn’t mean my family doesn’t have deep roots both in Newfoundland and Labrador and Canada. If you go down to the Newfoundland Emporium on Broadway in Corner Brook and check out the family name register they have on display, you’ll see my family name at the top of the list. Says it means stern. We’ve been here a while.

My father comes from Cape Breton and is the son of a Lebanese barber who fought against Nazism and the Axis Forces in World War 2. His mother was descended from Scottish farmers and sea captains who built their families around Minasville, NS in the Bay of Fundy. She was also ‘stationed overseas’ during WW2, although for her that meant being in PEI.

My mother’s background is even more varied. She brings together a long history of families from Newfoundland and America. Her family tree research shows that we had family on both sides of the American Civil War, the Boston Tea Party, the War of 1812 and a host of other conflicts. She’s also got some native blood on her father’s side as well. With the number of times her family fought amongst themselves during the history of making her, it’s a miracle her ancestors survived long enough to produce her to be my mother, meet my father, and help him raise me to be the man I am today.

I don’t want to dig too much into family details or my own personal history, but I just want it known that I had a wonderful family life and upbringing with an exceptional extended family and some great friends. People who still understand the meaning behind the words ‘Family Values’ that others in the political arena toss around to win elections. Every chance at growth, development and education that could be provided was on offer.

As a result, I always done my best to be a good upstanding citizen and uphold the law, although I may have an overdeveloped sense of justice. I do smoke pot, but have a medical condition that it remedies. Prior to a few consciousness expanding realizations of the last year, I always considered it to be a victimless crime. I buy it, I smoke it, I get restful sleep and I feel better. No harm done to anyone, right?

The problem is that this isn’t necessarily true. The pot had to come from somewhere and the money ends up in someone else’s hands. Not knowing where it originates from leaves the door open for it to be coming from any criminal element interested in supplying it. It could be funding a gang of Hell’s Angels, some white supremacists, a terrorist cell, even human trafficking. You don’t know where that money goes once it’s left your hand other than back up the chain into mystery. The pot you’re buying could be funding the trafficking of more harmful drugs back into your own communities.

This creates a serious problem.

Unlike alcohol, which has no real medicinal value other than as a disinfectant, cannabis has an exceptionally long list of medical conditions that it benefits. Everything from stress, high blood pressure and chronic pain to nausea, glaucoma and cancer sees a benefit. There is a distinct need in society to obtain a source of natural organic relief that produces minimal side effects and has a long history of therapeutic value that spans our shared cultural history. Anyone who denies the therapeutic benefits of cannabis is beginning to sound as ignorant as those people denying global climate change as an actively occurring process. They may, in fact, be the same ignorant people. Time will tell.

Instead, there is an insistence and a belief that the first course of medical treatment in the modern world must be signature magic pills. Magic pills developed through esoteric patented processes that leave a person with a host of side effects that must then be remedied through other magic pills. It is the pipe dream of a madman. Instead of addressing the root causes of health issues in modern society, be they mental or physical, we allow pharmaceutical companies to draw a veil over our eyes. These doctors have been indoctrinated as high priests into the cult of the magic pill since Med school. They are plied with gifts and promises that their patient will be able to switch to a newer better pill with fewer side effects… in the future… once they work out the kinks… and it’s been approved. It is no longer a science at this point, it is now a blasphemous religion designed to imprison people within their own bodies.

They stop treating patients like people with friends and families and lives and start seeing them only as a set of disorders to be remedied with their toolbox of pills. It’s like putting a Band-Aid over the gaping wound after being shot in the stomach. Or having your mechanic fix the brakes of your truck with duct tape, clothespins and spit instead of manufacturer certified parts. It leaves you primed to break down further in the future in a manner which could be life threatening.

However, we blithely continue on down the road towards the pill-shaped prison. We remain unaware that just because someone has been granted the title of ‘Doctor’ by a school of thought doesn’t mean they know how to make you well.

In the case of psychology and psychiatry, we have a group of people that may have an exceptionally keen eye for categorizing symptoms, but when it comes to issues like the ties between mental and social health, they ignore root causes completely.  Instead, they rely on their toolbox of magic pills to mask the symptoms as best as possible to try to fit the person back into the hole they’ve created in their life. They play God with people’s lives in a manner befitting the worst Nazi medical experiments of history, but completely unaware of their actions. To quote a famous Jew from a few thousand years ago, “Forgive them Father, they know not what they do.”

I had a sharp reminder of that this past Fall when I almost lost my favourite Aunt. A change in doctors led to rapid changes in the dosage of her prescribed medication and then her personality. These kinds of things happen all too often in our overworked system. It’s not always the fault of the doctors, it’s just how each doctor’s time with each patient is limited and mishandled by the bureaucracy above them. They may be struggling to do the best in a system that simply overburdens both themselves and the patients. A system which forces them to suffer through inordinate wait times for the most simple of procedures which end up dehumanizing both the doctor and the patient.

Before I get too far off topic, I was talking about marijuana and its benefits. As the readers of this blog may know, I have been charged by the RCMP for the production of a controlled substance. For the last two years I have been conducting research using insects to produce a fertilizer and soil amendment that also acts as an immune stimulant. I’ve grown mint, aloe, snapdragons, dill, cilantro, garlic, vines, collards and sunflowers indoors under lights of my own devising. I also have a grapevine with a 6 foot spread growing in a 2 gallon pot of soil.

I’ve been building my research into a business with the help of people associated with Grenfell University. I’ve also got a number of other research projects on my plate. One is about using dihalogenated acetates in seaweed to restore mitochondrial function in cells. It relieves built up oxidative stress which is the prime trigger of a number of human illnesses, including all aging related illnesses. These compounds even directly address what makes cells become cancerous. But that’s another story for another day. There are a few blog posts about it on this site, you just have to read back a while. I hope to get back to work on it once the RCMP returns the electronic devices they’ve taken from me. I have a meeting with a research associate involved with the project this week and have a sample still sitting in storage waiting for examination. At least we have that much.

Back to the pot.

I suffer from severe obstructive sleep apnea due to enlarged tonsils so I can’t sleep on my back. I’ve apparently had it most of my life, but wasn’t diagnosed until 4 years ago. I’ve tried CPAP. I could take it for a while, but after about a year I couldn’t ‘stomach’ it any longer. CPAP users will know exactly what I’m talking about. I spoke with a local ENT about it and he wanted to perform a major surgery to correct the issue instead of just removing my tonsils. I considered it at first, but the month long recovery time made me say no. Just as well, a girl in the States ended up brain-dead after that same surgery a year later. That doctor has also unfortunately since died of throat cancer so I can’t even go back to discuss other options.

What does work for me is falling asleep in a particular position and sleeping restfully. If I toss and turn I end up on my back and then I stop breathing. My blood oxygen levels drop dangerously low, my heart rate and blood pressure spikes. I wake up without realizing that I’ve woken up, gasp for air for a while then fall back asleep in the same position. Repeat. I wake up exhausted and in a daze that leaves me mentally and physically drained and unable to focus on simple daily tasks like doing the dishes or laundry. Basically I’m the Elephant Man, but with the elephantiasis only affecting my tonsils. If either of us falls asleep on our backs we’re in trouble.

Pot remedies the issue for me.

With a properly selected strain, I simply rolled a joint or packed a bowl in my bong, Dr. Frankensuess, before bed. Lying down in the recovery position you’d put someone suffering from alcohol poisoning in, I can sleep peacefully through the night. If I happen to roll over and wake myself up after a short restful period, I simply take another toke from my bong and go back to bed. It provides for relief and a restful night’s sleep that I haven’t been able to obtain through any other offered method.

If I was in BC, I’d be able to get a prescription easily, but in Newfoundland the doctors are very nervous about getting involved in the process. Unlike the pill pushers who work for the pharmaceutical industry as drug dealers, marijuana growers and users have few people able to openly lobby for unshackling this medicinal plant from the criminal element that controls it in this province. This appears to be where I’ve stepped into that picture, although my story is much more complicated.

As I’ve stated previously, my research has been into developing processes built around insects. They’re basically lab workers capable of performing their function every moment of their lives not spent in an egg or pupating. They produce an amendment rich in the plant immune stimulant, chitin, the application of which triggers an infestation response from the plant. This trigger turns on the cellular defense mechanisms of the plant, increasing the rate of water and nutrient uptake and the efficiency of photosynthesis, as well as increasing the blooming and fruiting potential of the plant. This research has long term application in ensuring food sustainability not just for the Island of Newfoundland, but anywhere in the world.

While my initial research involved mostly mint plants, which made some excellent tea, in January of 2014 I decided to investigate its potential use on marijuana plants. I wanted to be able to study how the genetics of a single plant would be affected by the amendment my lab assistants were producing. I sprouted a number of seeds I’d been given of my favorite strain, green crack, and selected the four most vigorous of them for experimentation.

I took the first few months to train and bonsai the plants to keep them small and make them capable of supporting a high number of clones. When I started taking my first few clones to test their rooting potential, I was using a bubbler bin that I’m currently using to produce clones of my grapevines. I sexed the plants and determined I had lucked out and gotten four female plants to work with. I spent months studying the characteristics of the clones, with the ones that successfully rooted in the bubbler making their way into the 16 ounce solo cups that would be their final home. I studied the growth and flowering characteristics of each plant through their clones, how they responded to different environmental stresses, and how they responded to varying levels of application of my fertilizer. After over 6 months in the selection process, I decided on a single plant with the best flowering and rooting abilities. During this time I also developed a very simple small scale drying process using clothespins and paper bags. Up until this point I wasn’t producing enough marijuana to supply a single person with a regular medicinal supply.

I flowered off the remainder of the plants as they lacked the vigor of the plant I’d chosen, dubbed Green Monster or Lillian. I also decided to re-vegetate one of the other mothers, Vanilla to see if I couldn’t increase its rooting potential. It had some of the best flowering characteristics, but had the worst record for clones surviving the cloning process. I don’t even use rooting gel in my methods, relying simply on a clean environment and natural processes. I figured I’d give it another shot to see if I noticed any improvement.

While all of this was going on, I was doing my best to get my research business off the ground. I had contacts within Grenfell University, but they were stuck waiting for their lab to be finished and made available for use. I had financier interest, but no location to start my business. Instead of worrying about what I couldn’t get done at the moment, I kept my mind on what I was able to do.

After 9 months of experimentation, including much trial and error with a variety of light sources and ventilation methods, I settled on a single plant line to experiment, including a redesigned flowering tent that used LEDs for lighting and had a homemade odor reducing ventilation system. Even then I was still only growing tiny plants in cut down 1 gallon water jugs. I let plants vegetate a little larger at this stage, but quickly ran into problems with them not liking their roots being so constrained and crowded, so I had to step up to a larger container size.

I ended up settling on a mix of square and rectangular pots that gave me 1 and 2 gallons of soil to work with and allowed the plants to vegetate a week or two after establishing roots before putting them in to flowering. Green Crack has a short flowering cycle, between 50 and 60 days, depending on the ratio of THC to CDB you’re aiming for at harvest. I used a tie-down method to create a hybrid between a screen of green and a sea of green, but I kept the plants exceptionally small. I wasn’t aiming to traffic in marijuana, just to continue my research and hopefully hit a point where I could stop paying for it from outside sources. They usually don’t have reliable access to a stable strain for consistent delivery of medicinal benefits.

While this was going on, another situation was emerging in my life. The Love of My Life, who I will only refer to as Misha for the remainder of my story, became pregnant around the beginning of November. At first we were nervous about the idea of becoming parents and starting a family. My small business was struggling to find its footing and we weren’t seeing any support for the idea from the local business community or government organizations I’d been working with.

In November, the self-employment assistance I’d receiving to help me get my business started was cut off. I’d been filing requests with them for a whole year trying to have them recognize my sleep apnea as a disability that was having a negative effect on my ability to start a business. Having this acknowledged would have offered me an additional 6 months to get my business off the ground with more assistance during the entire period. Instead, due to ‘budget cuts’ that eliminated the group of people responsible for identifying and resolving issues around worker’s disabilities, no one remaining in the offices was willing to discuss the issue.

I had to borrow extensively from friends and family to keep my own new family afloat during the months of December and January. All of my issues were finally resolved in February after a few calls to the Citizen’s Representative, but not until after months of trying to ask local politicians and bureaucrats for advice on the matter. Threatened with legal action for discriminating against someone with a disability, the local bureaucrats from Service Canada caved and acknowledge that I might have a disability they’d ignored. They requested a note from my doctor that he’d offered to write a year earlier and within a week they’d backpaid me the money that had been withheld.

What went unacknowledged was that my credit cards, rent, student loans and electrical bills went unpaid for a while as I was trying to rectify the situation. I did my best to juggle the money around to keep them all happy while still buying groceries, but having a complete cessation of income while trying to get a business off the ground ended up putting me deep into a financial hole.

Around the middle of January, another worry crept into the situation. Misha, the Love of My Life, has very unique eyes. As the first term of her pregnancy came to a close, she started getting more and more bouts of extreme nausea and had a lot of trouble keeping food and liquids down. Her eye condition added to our worries as the unique shape of her eyes leaves her prone to retinal detachment. This is due to intraocular pressures created by the vomiting. One tough night left her with a temporary gap in her vision that made us both extremely nervous. It’s also an issue for the birth process itself, so it’s never far from our minds.

I started reading into stories of women who used marijuana during pregnancy and still gave birth to perfectly healthy children. I realized that the pot I’d been growing in small quantities for research could help her keep food down and reduce the vomiting. This would help keep both her eyes and the baby healthy. Lacking the ability to secure a simple prescription for such a complicated issue, I made the decision to become ‘a full-blown criminal’. I increased the number of plants I was growing in my bin, attempting to get a much larger harvest to supply our medical needs for at least a month or two until I could make further plans.

I was still 3 weeks away from the first decent harvest when my home was raided by the RCMP for my electronics for uttering threats on Twitter. This unfortunately occurred while I was detained. The RCMP were unable to contact me and took my electronics as they had no other way to determine if I was plotting some sort of secret attack. Instead they’re discovering I’m developing new medicines, technologies and methods to feed people. In the words of Mick Jagger: “You can’t always get what you want.”

In the week since I’ve been released from the hospital, I’ve had to resort to the traditional criminal methods to obtain medicinal relief. These include buying supplies from people who also have police officers in their family and are supplying to other people who have medicinal reasons, like cancer, for using marijuana. But these people are still considered criminals by a system created to benefit legal pill pushers. Dealers who push drugs with side effects like suicidal or homicidal ideation onto unwilling people. There is something very sick and wrong with our current society that needs to be healed sooner rather than later.

I wanted to tell this portion of the story before moving onto the next section about the specific tweet that got me pulled in. I think it helps explain why Don Dunphy’s story, that of a disabled outspoken activist and family man who was growing and using marijuana medicinally, resonated so strongly with me.

Don’s story could easily have been my story.

There but for the grace of God go I.

Been a over a week since I posted that last update, so I felt obliged to follow up on it.

Let me fill in a little background information on other things I work on for those who haven’t read down past the post regarding Canadian politics.

There’s a compound currently in use across the world called DCA. Dichloroacetate, usually as a sodium or potassium salt. It’s classified as completely synthetic, but it’s been shown for decades to have an effect on people and animals with mitochondrial disorders.

In 2007, researchers at the University of Alberta published research that showed it was shrinking tumors in lab animals. After researching the effect in vitro and in vivo, they theorized that the method of action was a catalytic effect on the mitochondria of each cell which was restoring basic functionality that is known to be lacking in all cancerous cells. Restoring this functionality allows pre-cancerous cells to return to normal and triggers apoptosis (natural cell death) in cancerous cells, shrinking tumors.

If it helps, you can think of the cell as a mini-computer in your body’s Internet. DNA is your cell’s hard drive where it stores all the information about how to build each of your cells and interact with neighboring cells. All the processing of this information goes on within the various organelles of the cell. This cellular fluid is the data bus that allows information to transit between these various sites and the cell wall is where it communicates with the cellular Internet. One of the most important organelles, the mitochondria, performs key processes that are essential to multicellular life. It controls efficient energy production through oxidative phosphorylation, as well as triggering important cellular processes like apoptosis. Think of this as sort of an Inner Engine that acts as malware protection for your cellular computer. It protects not only the cell, but the neighboring network of cells. When it malfunctions, the cell begins to lose its multicellular character, instead acting like the single celled or colony organisms that multicellular life evolved from. We call this malfunctioning state cancer.

The University of Alberta’s research was initially seen favorably as providing a foundation for a new non-toxic and non-invasive treatment for cancers that seemed to be broad spectrum. All cancerous cells steal their energy requirements from neighboring non-cancerous cells, producing their own energy through glycolysis, an energy production regime that produces energy through the fermentation of sugars. This energy production process takes place in the cellular fluid and is, evolutionarily speaking, one of the most ancient metabolic pathways. It’s common in single-celled organisms as it allows them to produce energy in the absence of oxygen. Multicellular life requires active mitochondria capable of using oxygen to produce energy more efficiently. When these newer metabolic pathways break down, we end up with cancer or other conditions as our cells strive for individual instead of multicellular survival.

What makes the mitochondria of a cell malfunction?

It can be any number of factors. Toxins, mutation due to radiation, genetic factors, or just general oxidative stress from diet and lifestyle. A single malfunctioning mitochondria doesn’t mean you’ll end up with cancer. Some cells, like those in your liver, have thousands of these organelles. Since the liver is responsible for dealing with toxins, the high number of mitochondria per cell make sense. It maximizes the cellular processing power available for removing toxins from the body. But if you pour enough toxins and stress into your body for long enough, even the thousands of mitochondria in your liver cells can go on strike.

This compound, DCA, seemed to have the potential to reactivate these important cellular functions. It alleviates oxidative stress by restoring mitochondrial function. This much had already been known for years, as that was its original use in both humans and animals prior to the cancer discovery in 2007. Several studies were funded by Health Canada and contributions from individuals, but no interest was ever found from the pharmaceutical industry. DCA is an off-patent compound. It was first synthesized and patented decades ago and that patent has long since expired. Because the compound is so simple, it’s difficult to make a signature version of the compound to produce a similar effect. Therefore, there’s been no commercial interest in funding research.

Since the initial publishing, new research has come to light that shed doubt on DCA’s ability to deal with broad spectrum cancers. The University of Guelph in Ontario released their findings in 2010 that DCA was ineffective against hypoxic tumors. When considering that the mitochondria requires the presence of oxygen to perform its energy generation, this makes sense according to the theory put forth by Alberta regarding DCA’s function. What Guelph found was that DCA was actually strengthen these hypoxic cells, making them more resistance to traditional forms of chemotherapy.

What doesn’t make sense is what followed. Instead of concluding that they should treat the hypoxia as a symptom that can be relieved, the conclusions out of Guelph were that DCA was simply unsuitable for use as a broad spectrum treatment.


This is where my thoughts entered the picture and my thinking went in a different direction.

In 2007, while the father of one of my friends was dying with cancer, I first learned of the DCA results published in Alberta. At the time, the research seemed exciting and innovative and really caught my interest. I knew the results were only preliminary, but the seemed to advance the knowledge of cancer in a bold new direction that looked to provide real answers. It gave me hope that the cure had been found.

One of the my first thoughts regarding this compound as I learned more was that it was incredibly simple. Structurally, it’s identical to the acetate ion (vinegar), but with two of the hydrogen atoms on the methyl-group replaced by chlorine. Why would a compound as simple as vinegar that has such a beneficial impact on cellular machinery not exist in nature?

Since the presence of heavier halogens like chlorine is foreign to fresh water lakes and streams, I wondered if it didn’t occur naturally in a marine environment instead. Sea water is full of heavy halogens and plants like seaweed concentrate it out of the sea water for their own uses. This is why seaweed is use as a source of iodine. In realizing that, I came to the conclusion early on that seaweeds might be an overlooked source of compounds like DCA, theorizing that iodine might replace the chlorine in the compound to produce a stronger analogue.

I wrote letters to researchers, posted in science-based forums, and emailed email listservs to try to find new information. The closest I found to the Iodine-based version of the compound was a bit of scientific research on tomato wound healing where they used sodium diiodoacetate to perform the electrophoretic seperation of RNA. The research paper mentioned a book from the 80s that described the method used, but that had been removed from subsequent editions of the book and I couldn’t find the original to learn more.

In 2011, after years of hobby research, I was directed to a chemical research site by a colleague. Through that site I found a link to research conducted by a researcher from New Zealand who’d been studying a popular edible Hawaiian red seaweed. The research had been published in the late 70s. The intent had been to determine what kinds of organic acids exist in the edible species. Sure enough, right there in the middle of the document was not only the chlorinated version, DCA, but the Iodine-based version I’d been looking for, and other compounds based on Bromine and a mix between Iodine, Bromine and Chlorine.

Just so we’re clear here, this research paper from the 70s proves that DCA is not a new synthetic compound as is currently put forth by the modern medical establishment. Evolutionarily speaking, red seaweeds are exceptionally old. They are among the first multicellular life to evolve on this planet.

Excited by this new finding, I fired up my email and forums and began trying to talk to people about the idea again. I was met with doubt and disbelief and one person who sent me the link to the Guelph hypoxia studies, which he believed proved that DCA was unsuitable for use. Because I’d been considering the source as occurring naturally in marine environments, I had a different perspective on the issue of hypoxia. Marine animals don’t have to worry about hypoxic tissue the same way us land animals do. They can live at depths in the ocean where the atmospheric pressure is so high that oxygen dissolves directly into fluids as opposed to being carried by the blood. This combination creates a niche where animals who consume large quantities of phytoplankton and krill, and also spend their days diving deep, would be receiving these potent anti-cancer benefits naturally. This would allow them to grow to a prodigious size and be able to fend off cancers with ease, relative to us poor land animals limited to a very narrow window of atmospheric pressure in our daily lives.

Hence blue whales.

To clarify everything so far, let me restate it:

  • Synthetic compound (DCA) turns out to have anti-cancer properties – 2007
  • My original hypothesis that DCA may occur naturally – 2007
  • Synthetic compound (DCA) is shown not to work on hypoxic tumors – 2010
  • Rediscovery that DCA is not synthetic but occurs naturally in Asparagopsis Taxiformis – 2011
  • Hypothesis that hyperbaric therapy eliminates the hypoxic symptoms  – 2012

Trying to put all this together, I made a video that tries to explain it as best I can in plainer language for a general audience. It received very little attention. There are a million people out there who claim to have found a treatment for cancer, I’d just become another crank with a theory in a very large pond.

Fast Forward to 2014

After publishing the information online in 2012 and sending it out to various research groups who promptly ignored it, I became a little discouraged about the whole problem. I’m not wealthy in the material sense, so I have no way of bringing these concepts forward myself. I’m currently trying to build another business to help finance my other research, but I’m having plenty of difficulty there, even though I’m working with a simpler concept that is easier to prove.

I did start eating seaweed on a regular basis after obtaining a regular supply of dulse from Real Raw Food in Vancouver so the idea was never far from my mind. I didn’t have access to a hyperbaric chamber or the money to go scuba diving on a regular basis though, so I was still searching for a way to obtain the full benefits. I hoped that more research would be completed that would verify my thoughts or that someone would stumble across mine and might trigger some inspiration that would lead them to the answers.

I built this blog, ParadigmSlip, as a means for cataloging some of the various research I’ve completed and for ease of sharing. I’d found it difficult to talk directly about these ideas because they’re so esoteric, so a blog seemed like the best way to keep my thoughts organized. I hadn’t done much work on the seaweed/hyperbaric cancer theory as I waited for more results of existing DCA therapy to be published.

During Spring of 2014, I was home watching the movie “The Fountain”, when I had an epiphany. The Fountain starts with a quote from the Bible:

Genesis 3:24 – So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to guard the way of the tree of life.

During one of the first scenes, the main character is accosted by someone with a literal flaming sword. The juxtaposition of the image of a flaming sword and that particular Biblical quote brought up an image in my mind from my research. Asparagopsis taxiformis, the same seaweed that I’d been researching for its health benefits, looks like a flaming sword that turns back and forth under water. The flaming sword wasn’t meant to be thought of as guarding the Tree of Life, but showing the way to the Tree of Life.

Red Seaweed even shows up at the base of the Tree of Life of modern evolutionary theory. It’s one of the first multicellular lifeforms to appear on the planet. It contains potent compounds shown to promote mitochondrial functioning that can’t form in fresh water sources naturally.

The idea that the mythological Tree of Life that appears in a variety of ancient cultures might have a common origin in red seaweeds instead of terrestrial plants set my mind on fire. I started digging through the mythologies of Mesopotamia, Egypt, Maya, and hordes of others looking for common links and finding many.

Another commonality that blew my mind was that all these ancient cultures who’d incorporated this red seaweed into their lifestyle to the point of venerating it were also monument building hydraulic cultures. Not only that, but with my understanding of the need for eliminating hypoxia, their monuments seemed to serve a purpose beyond being simple temples for religious worship or burial mounds.

They were hyperbaric chambers, powered by water.

There’s a lot more that I have to write on this subject, but I wanted to publish this much for today. Most of the next post will be in regards to the mythological and Biblical links.


Revelations 22: 1-3

Then the angel showed me the river of the water of life, as clear as crystal, flowing from the throne of God and of the Lamb down the middle of the great street of the city. On each side of the river stood the tree of life, bearing twelve crops of fruit, yielding its fruit every month. And the leaves of the tree are for the healing of the nations3

The Theory

  1. There exists a family of naturally occurring halogenated acetates that are known to enhance the function of mitochondria.
  2. When these compounds are present in cancerous cells they have the potential to reactivate certain functions of the mitochondria, triggering apoptosis.
  3. For the process to be effective, oxygen must be present in the cell. For hypoxic tumors, this necessitates the introduction of high pressure oxygen therapy to saturate the cells with oxygen.
  4. A natural version of this process is already in effect for marine life.


The current cancer paradigm

There are over 200 types of human cancer. This is because there are over 200 different human cell types that can become cancerous. Depending on where they occur in the body, they produce different symptoms. A cancerous tumor could be composed of the same cell type, but will require different treatment if it occurs in the brain, lungs or liver.

This has lead to much research in chemotherapy compounds that target specific cell types and tumor locations. Individuals can also react differently to the same chemo drugs, so detailed genetic profiling must be done to determine if the drugs will be effective at all. Even with all the money spent researching these exotic compounds and investigating the genetic profile of the patient and tumor, the success rate of these drugs are low enough that oncologists will refuse the same treatment they’re prescribing.

Even if the chemo is successful in eradicating the tumor, most of the drugs used in the treatment have seriously debilitating side effects and are also known carcinogens that can trigger the further development of cancer later on in life.

At this point in time, there are few accepted avenues for treatment that don’t involve carcinogenic chemotherapy, damaging radiation or invasive surgery.


The common ground

Cancer is considered to be a modern day plague, brought on our diets full of artificial compounds, our high stress lifestyles and our increased exposure to environmental toxins. While the majority of the current research involves studying the genetic causes of cancer and how those genes interact with chemotherapy drugs, recent research has identified alternative routes for attacking cancerous cells that don’t rely on toxic and carcinogenic compounds, radiation or surgery. Instead, these compounds activate natural pathways of the mitochondria that can trigger the programmed cell death of cancerous cells, also known as apoptosis.

In apoptosis the cell doesn’t simply die, but rather it dissolves into distinct cellular fragments which are then processed by other cells in the body safely. In the case of cell that had been disrupted by a toxic or carcinogenic chemical, the process of apoptosis allows the compound to remain safely enclosed in cellular fragments of the former cell when engulfed by the body’s cellular recycling system. This differs from when a cell dies due to injury or necrosis. In that case the damaged cellular membrane simply releases its contents into the extracellular fluid, potentially damaging nearby healthy cells.

From this it can be seen that the function of the mitochondria is not only to provide energy for the cell and play a roll in programmed cell death, but they also play an important roll in supporting the health of differentiated tissue by ensuring cell death occurs in an orderly manner that doesn’t affect nearby tissue.

Being able to trigger this cellular pathway is a universal means of treating cancer, one that doesn’t rely on detailed genetic profiling to target the use of toxic and damaging chemicals on specific types of cancer, radiation or surgery, but instead uses a natural cellular process to deal with cancer in a non-invasive manner.


The Discovery

In January of 2007, the University of Alberta reported that a drug (DCA or the salts of the dicholoroacetate ion) previously used in humans to treat a rare metabolic disorder was also biologically active in the treatment of various forms of cancer.

Their theory of how the drug operates involves the Warburg Effect, a known phenomenon in cancerous cells where the cells are hypoxic and do not use oxygen and the mitochondria for energy generation, instead using other pathways that harvest energy from nearby healthy cells. According to their research, DCA appears to reactivate mitochondrial function, which also reactivates the mitochondria’s ability to regulate cellular functions, including apoptosis. This results in cell death for cancerous cells, leaving healthy cells undamaged.

I’m going to expand on their theory by examining certain properties of DCA which could be responsible for its biological activity in the treatment of cancers as well as providing examples of its existing activity in marine environments. The goal being to expand this theory into a laboratory environment where it can be rigorously tested.


Current Status of Clinical Trials in Canada

On May 12th of 2010, the Department of Medicine released the results of their Phase II clinical trials completed in conjunction with Health Canada, involving in vivo (within the living) testing of DCA. The results were found to be in agreement with earlier in vitro (within glass) studies. They have since begun seeking funding for the Phase III trials. These drug trials are prohibitively expensive and are normally funding by companies within the pharmaceutical industry interested in capitalizing on the development of new drugs. Since DCA is a cheap and off-patent compound, a successful Phase III trial could spell the end for a number of lucrative drug lines currently used to aggressively treat cancer. Due to this economic factor, the funding for the Phase III trials is largely being compiled with donations from private individuals.

The use and availability of DCA is regulated for a reason. People attempting to take DCA without proper knowledge of dosage or even the proper form of the compound to be taken run the risk of doing major damage to their health. Side effects from exceeding a safe daily dosage can damage and interfere with nerve cells. At high enough doses, DCA itself has been shown to display cancer-causing properties.

There is also the danger of those unfamiliar with chemistry to seek out the acid form of DCA instead of a salt form such as sodium or potassium dichloroacetate.

I do not advocate the personal use of pure DCA salts by any readers without the oversight of a well-informed medical professional capable of dealing with and addressing any possible complication that may arise.

I’m currently aware of only one organization currently using DCA to treat cancer.  The Medicor Cancer Center in Toronto has been using DCA since 2007, treating patients with several different types of cancer. While having published only one paper pertaining to their results, they have made the results of their clinical use available online and found them to be in agreement with the University of Alberta’s studies.


Hypothesis on the function of DCA within cancer cells

 This hypothesis is based around the electrokinetic properties of the dichloroacetate ion. In the following diagram, I have provided an approximated atomic mass ratio comparison of the acetate and dichloroacetate ions, as well outlined the possible spin states that this arrangement of atoms could produce.



The ratios of masses are not intended to be shown to scale, but are there to simply illustrate the differences. For reference the standard atomic weights for each atom shown are as follows: Hydrogen ~ 1, Carbon ~ 12, Oxygen ~ 16, Chlorine ~ 35. To think of the molecule in terms of its center of mass, the standard acetate ion has a mass ratio of 15:44, split around the carbon-carbon bond. The chlorinated acetate, DCA, has a mass ratio of 76:44 split around the same carbon-carbon bond. As indicated in the diagram by the spin loop, the center of mass for rotation has moved from being centered towards the carboxyl group to the halogenated carbon. This new axis of rotation would give carboxyl group a more reactive presence as it moves in solution, a functional character not present in the normal acetate ion. The change can be demonstrated by something as simple as the odour and taste of each compound. When hydrogenated carbon is the reactive portion of the compound as in the acetate ion, the compound has a potent odour and taste. In DCA however, with the reactive portion of the compound being the carboxyl group, the compound is essentially odourless and tasteless.


DCA Analogues

Based on the theory that the source of DCA’s biological activity rests on the functional character of the carboxyl group, it becomes possible to predict structural and functional analogues that should produce a similar if not more potent effect on cancerous cells. By replacing the chlorine with heavier halogens, the effect of the carboxyl group would be magnified and the potency of its interactions within the cell that reactivate mitochondrial function should increase. The most potent of these structural and functional analogues would be the DIA ion or diiodoacetate.


As shown, the atomic mass ratio of the halogenated carbon to the carboxyl group is much larger, which should magnify the electrokinetic influence of the carboxyl group even further. Instead of the 74:44 mass ratio split around DCA’s carbon-carbon bond, there is a 267:44 split around the carbon bond of DIA. To put it in simpler terms, the iodine-based analogue of DCA is capable of producing more torque both on the carboxyl group and by extension, any compound the reactive carboxyl group is interacting with.


Food Sources for DCA/DIA

Acetate (the active ingredient in common vinegar), DCA and DIA are very simple carbon-based compounds. Each bears the same structure, but has slightly different functional characteristics. Acetate is considered to be a biotic or organic compound, as it has been shown to be produced by a natural process, namely, oxidation of alcohol by bacteria.

DCA is currently classified as a xenobiotic compound as it is not thought to occur naturally. One of the only process known to produce DCA as a trace product is the chlorination of water, an artificial process. DCA’s status as a xeno- or abiotic chemical means its use and availability can be heavily regulated, even to the point of denying its use to those who may benefit from established treatment regimes.

DCA, as well as its iodine and bromine-based analogues, can be obtained from a purely natural source as its presence has already been demonstrated in the edible seaweed Asparagopsis taxiformis (R. Moore, Phytochemistry Vol 18 pp 617-620 1979), also known as limu koku, which is a regular part of Hawaiian cuisine.

While currently having only been isolated in one species of seaweed, I believe the presence of these compounds in a species such as Aparagopsis taxiformis should found to be the rule rather than the exception. Seaweeds are natural concentrators of heavy halogens such as iodine, bromine and chlorine from sea water. For these heavy halogens to be used by cellular processes in the creation of potent antioxidants seems a natural use of elemental resources not readily available to terrestrial and freshwater plant life.

DCA is currently a regulated substance and I do not condone the use of DCA without the care of informed medical professionals, edible seaweeds such as Asparagopsis taxiformis that contain a naturally available version DCA and DIA should be safe to consume for those seeking its benefits. Until more research can be done into how processing techniques may alter the compounds present in processed seaweeds, the best option would be to ensure the seaweed is as fresh as possible.


DCA shown to fail with hypoxic tumors

In September of 2010, the University of Guelph announced their findings in regards to DCA and hypoxic tumors. They found that while tumours under normal oxygen conditions responded to DCA as predicted, tumours with restricted access to the blood carried oxygen supply reacted in a completed opposite manner when treated with DCA. Instead of triggering apoptosis, DCA seemed to act in a cytoprotective (cell-protecting) manner. Cancerous cells weren’t dying with the treatment, instead they were getting stronger and showed a decreased response to traditional forms of chemotherapy.

These results seemed to throw a major stumbling block in front of DCA research. Hypoxic tumors are common in cancer pathology as tumors outgrow their blood supply, so treatment with DCA could prove dangerous to a person suffering from a hypoxic tumor. Instead of killing the cancerous cells, DCA treatment could strengthen them, making them more resistant and harder to kill.

While this may have seemed like a roadblock, due to my search for DCA and analogues in seaweed, it gave the last piece I needed for my theory.


A pre-existing niche for dealing with Cancer

Since these compounds seem to appear at the base of the marine food chain, they should be available to all higher marine life. Any and all life that lives in the oceans should be receiving a cocktail of DCA and it’s analogues. But how to address the hypoxic tumor issue?

The answer has to due with pressure.

While we live our lives near or above sea level, our cells receive oxygen through 2 methods. The oxygen is either carried by the hemoglobin in our red blood cells, or it dissolves directly into our blood plasma. The oxygen-carrying capacity of our red blood cells far outweighs the amount of oxygen capable of dissolving in our blood plasma. However, this only remains true at standard atmospheric pressures. As you move below sea level, the concentration of dissolved oxygen increases with the pressure.  For creatures like fish that breath underwater, this means that their blood has to do less work, as more of the oxygen dissolves directly into blood plasma.

The effect also applies to temperature. As temperature decreases, so does the water’s ability to retain dissolved oxygen. The effect is so great, there is a species of fish in Antarctica that has no red blood cells to carry oxygen. Known as the crocodile icefish, they are the only known vertebrate that has no red blood cells, the only reason they’re capable of this feat is due to the particular niche they inhabit. At the temperatures provided by the Antarctic, and the pressures provided by the depths live in, the concentration of dissolved oxygen is great they evolved away the need for hemoglobin-based blood cells altogether. They offset this loss of oxygen-carrying cells by having a larger and more powerful heart, with wider capillaries to deal with a greater plasma volume. But for the rest of us, lacking the anti-freeze proteins and gills required to experience the crocodile ice fish’s level of dissolved oxygen, we have to make due with the use of pressure to obtain the dissolve oxygen levels we require. Marine mammals accomplish this by diving.

Baleen whales are known for their immense size, they are the largest creatures on the planet. They’re also known to live as long or longer than humans. This presents modern cancer theory with a bit of a conundrum. Larger animals have potentially more carcinogenic cells, as well as requiring more cell division to grow and sustain their prodigious size. This has lead to a variety of theories regarding the relatively reduced incidence of cancer amongst whales. Not to say that they don’t get cancer at all, it’s just that if their cancer rates matched human rates there wouldn’t be any blue whales.

Instead, it appears that through a combination of diet and environment, blue whales simply evolved into a cancer resistant niche. They consume vast amounts of krill, with a full grown blue whale consuming almost 4 tons of krill in a single day. Krill, in turn, feed on the phytoplankton that should be producing both DCA, DIA and bromine versions as they concentrate these heavy halogens out of seawater. With this kind of daily intake, their cells should be saturated with these compounds.

Blue whales typically feed at depths of 100 meters. At these depths, the pressure is about 11 atmospheres, or 11 times the pressure experienced at sea level. At these depths, the concentration of dissolved oxygen carried by the whales blood plasma instead of their cells is greatly increased. This allows oxygen to penetrate tissues inaccessible to the blood through its networks of capillaries by dissolving directly into the tissues. Through this mixture of a diet supplemented with a known cancer-fighting agent, combined with the increased pressure available in the depths of the oceans, whales seem to have evolved into a cancer resistant niche.


Questions that need to be answered

To replicate the diet and environment accessible to blue whales for human cancer treatment, a combination of dietary supplementation and hyperbaric oxygen treatment should provide the same conditions.  But before this theory can be applied in any manner, it must first be tested rigorously. A number of questions must be answered before anything can be done with human trials. However, as an individual, I don’t have the resources to complete this testing on my own. I need assistance from others to answer the following questions:

What is the efficacy of DIA compared to DCA?

Will hypoxic cancer cells respond to a combination of DCA or DIA and hyperbaric oxygen treatment?

What are the threshold levels of both DCA/DIA supplementation and hyperbaric oxygen required for effective treatment?

Are there different threshold levels for different cancers and different stages of cancer progression?


Alternative Options

While the clinical use of DCA/DIA and hyperbaric oxygen requires a number of questions to be answered, it’s possible that these answers may lead to a much simpler way of treating cancers in the long term. Instead of consuming DCA/DIA as a separate supplement, it could be added to the diet by increasing a person’s intake of edible seaweeds. Hyperbaric oxygen treatment could be replicated by extended scuba dives.

Wouldn’t the world be a better place if a cancer diagnosis wasn’t a potential death sentence, but was instead an invitation to spend a few weeks on vacation somewhere tropical, scuba diving and eating seaweeds?